Pilates by Joseph Pilates
Pilates is a type of physical fitness which was developed in the early 20th century. It has been created by Joseph Pilates and has been a big hit in Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States. Joseph Pilates believed that the mind and body were inter-related and therefore developed this kind of exercise to strengthen both the body and the mind. He called this exercise method, Contrology.
Pilates condition the body and help to build flexibility, along with lean muscles, strength and endurance in the different muscles. It also helps to align the pelvic and spinal area. The breathing techniques used to relieve stress and allow the oxygen breathed in to flow into the muscles, toning the muscles.
In 1980, two students from Romana Kryzanowska, Philip Friedman and Gail Eisen, published the first modern book on Pilates, The Pilates Method of Physical and Mental Conditioning. This book included the six principles of Pilates: concentration, control, center, flow, precision and breathing.
Joseph Pilates called the core of the body the “powerhouse” and all students were taught to use that powerhouse throughout life’s daily activities. This powerhouse consists of the pelvic floor muscles, the transversus, the multifidus, the diaphragm, the muscles of the inner thigh and the muscles encircling the sitting bone area. It opens up the core dimension of the body by pulling the pelvis and spine in opposite directions. The pelvis is pulled toward the ground and the spine is pulled toward the sky, making an upright position.